Gene Therapy Requires Just One Intraocular Injection to Treat Eye Ailment Caused by Oxidative Stress
This AAV gene therapy approach provides a one-time treatment to oxidative stress. Sustained oxidative stress can lead to a variety of pathophysiological diseases including age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In the United States, age-related macular degeneration affects 1.75 million people and diabetic retinopathy affects 10 million. When the human body overproduces reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species, it can lead to the oxidation and degradation of proteins, lipids, and DNA in the body. This degradation of DNA and lipids can cause mutations in the DNA sequences, and damaged cellular components can induce an inflammatory reaction. Researchers at the University of Florida have developed an AAV vector that introduces a small protein into the patient’s cells that promotes the production of detoxifying enzymes in the body. The AAV vector only requires one injection to deliver the secreted and cell-penetrating protein into the patient’s tissue. Unlike current methods that require monthly intraocular injections, this treatment for age-related macular degeneration is a one-time treatment for oxidative stress.
Effective treatment for pathophysiologic diseases attributed to sustained oxidative stress, including age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease
- Provides treatment without affecting the patient’s vision, overcoming the obstacles of current treatments that can lead to vision loss
- Treatments consists of one intraocular injection, minimizing patient discomfort in in therapy for diabetic retinopathy and wet form of age-related macular degeneration
- Requires one-time treatment rather than monthly doses, providing an efficient and cost-effective therapy for patients
This AAV vector delivers a secreted and cell-penetrating peptide to inhibit reaction to oxidative stress. Nrf2-Keap1 is a signaling pathway that regulates the expression of detoxifying enzymes, or antioxidants. Keap1, by reducing the levels of the Nrf2, maintains a constant level of this antioxidant production. Researchers at the University of Florida have developed an AAV vector that acts as a delivery system to introduce a peptide that allows Nrf2 to increase detoxifying enzyme production. The peptide binds with the Keap1. As a result, free Nrf2 transcription factor is able to translocate to the nucleus of the cell and stimulate expression of detoxifying enzymes. AAV are small DNA viruses that do not integrate into the genome of the cells they infect. They are used in gene therapy treatments because of their ability to infect a wide spectrum of cells with minimal inflammatory response. This virus does not cause disease.