Advanced Robotic Imaging System for Image-Guided Surgery

Technology #12813

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Categories
Researchers
Scott Arthur Banks
Frank J. Bova
Managed By
Zahara M. Jaffer
Assistant Director 352-392-8929
Patent Protection
US Patent 8,781,630

Invention

The University of Florida is seeking companies interested in commercializing a breakthrough in image-guided surgery. In 2005, the image-guided surgery (IGS) market in the U.S., which encompasses systems used for neurosurgery, otolaryngology, spine, and orthopedic procedures, was valued at more than $115 million, according to the Millennium Research Group. The use of IGS technology has increased dramatically in the past decade, due in large part to technological advancements. However, existing IGS techniques still have many flaws, including high exposure to radiation for the health-care practitioner and problems with imaging accuracy and precision. Researchers at the University of Florida have developed a comprehensive IGS system that utilizes robotic arms to effectively target all existing technological problems and provide a safer, more accurate and precise system.

Application

An innovative system of robotic arms to enhance the accuracy and efficiency of image-guided surgery

Advantages

  • Highly advanced robotic imaging system, provides, ease of use and reduced operation time
  • Robotic arms introduce and retract surgical tools from operative field, eliminating many sterile-field issues/LI>
  • All types of images are automatically registered in the same coordinate space, significantly enhancing accuracy and improving surgical efficiency
  • Surgeon does not have to be in imaging field to capture X-rays, greatly reducing exposure to radiation
  • Imaging system allows for non-equatorial scan trajectories, providing greatly increased flexibility and graphic reconstruction abilities

Technology

This unique imaging system includes a robotic imaging and tool-holding system that increases operational accuracy and precision, thereby providing higher-quality imaging while reducing operation time. The design includes three integrated robots, two for imaging and one for tool-holding. The imaging robots are capable of advanced two-dimensional and three-dimensional image acquisition and reconstruction and automated image space calibration and registration. The tool-holding robot can be used for universal, on-the-fly tool calibration and advanced tool guidance. Overall, this novel robotic system is crafted to overcome all of the problems associated with existing IGS techniques.